Although Social Psychology grew during the 1950’s and 1960’s, the majority of psychologists were still behaviourists. However, the limits of behaviourism and the “black box” separating stimuli and responses had become more obvious, so psychologists began to look for ways of understanding how the mind connected S to R. Also in the 1960’s, technology had progressed far beyond what was possible in previous decades, especially in computing science; computers had become a more viable and popular (and almost affordable) way of processing information.
An important experiment that led to Cognitive Psychology being developed is Ebbinghaus’s forgetting curve- after testing himself remembering patterns of syllables, he found that his recall dropped by half unless he revisited what he had learnt. In other words, he’s probably why people now know about revision, which is a pretty good reason for students to dislike this study. While a majority of famous Cognitive Psychology experiments are about memory, it actually studies many more areas- from the scientific and experimental (such as visual perception and patterns) to the more abstract and philosophical (such as how we sense time passing, and how we develop language). This makes it one of the most useful psychological viewpoints, because it can be used in so many areas of psychology.